Vision Loss – Reasons & Maintenance
Dr. Jade’s office has been in Lloydminster providing vision care for over 20 years, offering routine eye exams, emergency eye care services, prescriptions for glasses or contacts, and pre- and post-op exams for vision correction surgery. During this time, Dr. Jade, Dr. Dave and their caring staff have helped numerous patients with eye conditions ranging from mild to severe. From our comprehensive list of eye conditions that Dr. Jade and her associates have assembled related to vision problems – here’s a few common and serious conditions.
Myopia (near-sightedness), hyperopia (far-sightedness), and astigmatism (distorted vision) are known as refractive errors. Myopia and hyperopia are inherited conditions usually detected in children between the ages of eight and twelve and treated with eyeglasses and contact lenses which compensate for the elongated shape of the eye and allow light to focus properly on the retina. Astigmatism is also inherited, present at birth, and frequently remains unchanged throughout life. Prescription glasses or contacts can often be ordered to neutralize or offset the distortion to the cornea.
On the more serious side, there’s diabetic retinopathy – an eye condition that affects 500,000 Canadians. People with type 1 diabetes are more likely to experience vision loss sooner than those with type 2 diabetes; Aboriginal Canadians are three to five times more likely than the general population to develop type 2 diabetes and are therefore at a much higher risk of developing vision problems related to diabetes. Diabetes can cause serious vision loss and even blindness if eye health issues are left undetected and uncontrolled by medication.
Age is a significant factor in a number of conditions, including age-related macular degeneration (AMD), cataracts and glaucoma. Everyone is at risk for developing age-related macular degeneration, but age, family history and being Caucasian increase your risk of developing AMD.
Cataracts are typically a painless natural hardening of your eye’s lenses affecting people over the age of 55 and are usually detected during routine eye exams. More than 2.5 million Canadians have cataracts; surgery is usually recommended as it’s among the most highly perfected, safe and successful procedures in medicine – more than 95 percent of patients have improved vision after surgery. There are also several non-surgical options to improve vision available.
Glaucoma is the second most common cause of vision loss in seniors in Canada and involves damage to the optic nerve most often caused by high pressure inside the eye due to a buildup of excess fluid. More than 250,000 Canadians have chronic open-angle glaucoma, the most common form of the disease. Early detection and treatment is essential to prevent severe vision loss or blindness.